Hardwoods are sold by the Board Foot (BF). 1 BF equals any multiple of 1 foot x 1 foot x 1 inch in rough thickness (a 1 inch thick board, 12”x12”=1BF, 6 inches x 2 feet=1BF, 4 inches x 3 feet=1BF, etc.) Thickness is expressed as quarters of an inch (4/4-four quarters=1 inch, 6/4-six quarters=1 1/2 inch, etc.) Hardwoods are sawn random length and width rather than “dimension sawn”. In other words, we don’t have one pile of 1x6’s, another of 1x8’s, and another of 1x10’s. However, we can provide specific sizes. Our quantity discount of 15% is available on random length and width orders over 100 BF.
Grading rules are so complicated they fill a small booklet that rivals the IRS for clarity. But in essence, hardwoods are graded by the size and percentage of clear cuttings on each individual board.
Select lumber will generally be clear on both faces or clear on one face with a few defects on the back.
Short Select lumber is generally clear on both sides and ranges from 20-40 inches in length. Because many projects use mostly shorter lengths, short select can save money.
Medium grade yields random sized cuttings up to 5 feet or more, although most cuttings will range from 20-48 inches. On average, the clear cuttings obtained after trimming defects are substantially less expensive than cutting select material into short pieces.